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how to adjust garage door springs

Is your garage door slamming shut at an improper place, opening or closing too quickly, or closing unevenly by leaving a gap between the door and the opening? All of these symptoms point to a problem with the springs. However, you should not be concerned. This is why.

You should be able to fix this problem on your own if you know how to adjust garage door springs. However, whether you have a simple or complex problem depends on the type of door you have. Because there are two sorts of springs, depending on the door you're using.

We urge that you view this video before continuing to discuss them. It will take you less than a minute to watch, but you will be well-versed in the fundamentals of garage door spring adjustment after doing so. It will also make the technique outlined below much easier to comprehend.

Before Adjusting Your Garage Door Springs

You need to know what kind of springs you'll be dealing with. Torsion springs and side-mounted springs are the two types of springs used on garage doors. Here's how to figure out which of the two is in charge of balancing the weight of your door.

Springs that are mounted on the side

They are placed on both sides of the door and are also known as extension springs. They're visible above the horizontal tracks. These springs stretch whenever you open the door (by motor or by hand) to give a counterbalancing force. The spring will expand the more force is applied to it.

Most manufacturers include safety wires with side-mounted springs. In the event of a cable, spring, or bottom bracket failure, these cables prevent the spring from becoming a dangerous projectile. Because these accidents can happen at any time, all extension spring doors must have safety cables installed.

Furthermore, depending on your door, one of the following three extension springs may be used:

Open Looped: Though not as robust as the other varieties of extension springs, open-looped springs are the most straightforward to replace. This is due to the fact that you don't have to disassemble their pulley to change the springs.

Double Looped: This type of spring has two coils. One is attached to the pulley, while the other is attached to the eye bolt. They are more durable than open looped cousins, but they are more difficult to modify.

Clip Ends: Clip ends are by far the most durable of all extension springs, with an extremely extended shelf life. The fact that the clips don't put much force on the spring accounts for their long-term usefulness. As a result, the spring can continue to function with minimal wear and tear.

Spring Torsion

Torsion springs, unlike side-mounting springs that employ 'extension' to lift garage doors, use torque. The rotating equivalent of linear force is this force. Torque propels an item in a circular motion around its axis, similar to how linear force is classified as push or pull.

The springs that open and close your garage door with torque are placed above and parallel to the door's frame. They're attached to a stationary metal shaft, with one end of the springs affixed to a stationary metal plate on top of the door frame.

Standard Torsion Spring: Standard torsion springs are the most prevalent type of torque spring, as their name implies. They're usually installed over residential garage doors. The springs are supported by the metal shaft that comes with its box.

Torque Master Torsion Spring: If you can afford it, only Torque Master torsion springs should be considered. They are the safest alternative since the torsion shaft keeps the springs enclosed at all times, reducing the risk of the spring breaking off and becoming a projectile.

Contact with Best Garage Door Repair in Menifee

Garage Door Spring Adjustment: A Step-by-Step Guide

Adjust your garage door springs by following these steps:

A) Side-Mounted Springs should be adjusted.

The steps for adjusting side-mounted/extension springs are as follows:

Step 1: Gather your materials

To do this job, you'll need some personal protective equipment (PPE) and some basic tools. A hard hat, safety glasses, and gloves are among the necessary safety items. The following are the other tools:

  • Strong ladder
  • C-clamp
  • Wrench with adjustability
  • Marker or masking tape

Step 2: Fully open your garage door

You must first release any tension in the springs before attempting to change their tension. If your door is manual, keep opening it until it can no longer travel any further and hits the stop bolt.

If you have an automatic door, however, open it with the remote control. Pull the emergency cord down and back until the spring is trapped in the open position after the door has fully opened.

This will break any connection between the door and the opener, as well as remove any strain that the springs had been carrying. After that, you'll be able to manually open the door.

Step 3: Close and lock your garage door

Make sure the door doesn't fall open while you work on the springs. Placing a C-clamp beneath the bottom roller is the best way to ensure this. The roller will be held in place by the C-clamp.

Step 4: Detach the Spring Hook

When you try to remove the spring hook, you'll see that it's attached to the track hanger by a huge hook. This larger hook, in turn, is held in place by a nut. To remove the nut and, by extension, the spring hook, you'll need an adjustable wrench.

The spring hook is responsible for maintaining the tension in the spring, which is why we're asking you to remove it. After you've removed it, you'll be able to adjust the tension by moving it to a higher or lower hole.

Step 5: Adjust the spring tension

If your door isn't entirely shutting, you'll need to lower the tension in its springs to repair garage door the problem. Attach the spring hook to a lower hole on the track hanger to do this.

In contrast, if your door opens or closes too readily, you'll need to tighten the spring tension. Attach the spring to the track hangar's higher hole.

If the door was closing unevenly, the answer might be to reduce strain on the side with the gap (by attaching the spring hook to a lower hole on the track hanger).

Step 6: Adjust the Tension of the Cable

Extension springs come with safety cables, as previously indicated. To fix the problem, you may need to adjust the tension of the cable and the spring simultaneously.

If you need to raise the tension of the cable, tighten the knot that connects it to the spring. If you need to loosen the knot to reduce tension, extend it.

Last but not least, check the door and lubricate the springs.

Remove the pliers from the garage door track and test it. Lubricate the springs if they're working properly.

B) Make Torsion Springs Adjustments

The steps for adjusting torsion springs are as follows:

Step 1: Gather your materials

Apart from the personal protective equipment described above, you'll also require the following items to modify torsion springs:

  • Two solid steel bars (lengths ranging from 12 to 18 inches)
  • Wrench with adjustability

Determine the diameter of the holes in which you'll be affixing solid steel bars before acquiring them. The collar that connects the spring to the metal shaft has these holes. Their diameter will most likely be 12 inches.

Step 2: Open the garage door

Torsion springs should never be adjusted with the door closed since the spring is under full tension. Those steel adjustment bars will fly as soon as you unscrew the set screws. People have died as a result of them.

Make sure the door is completely open and the spring has no strain. When the coil is loosened, the maker paints a horizontal strip across it that will seem as a straight line. That line is completely wrapped up in the photographs, showing that the coil is under stress.

Step 3: Locate The Winding Cone

Find the exact location where the spring ends with one eye over the stationary middle plate. The winding cone, which is responsible for maintaining the spring in place, will be located there.

The cone can also be identified by the four regularly spaced holes that surround it.

Step 4: Loosen The Cone's Screws

The spring will be held in place by two set screws on the middle shaft of the cone. Insert the steel rod or winding cone into the bottom hole of the cone to loosen it.

With an adjustable wrench, remove the screws after you've inserted the rod and held the cone in place. After that, insert the bars in two rows on the cone.

Step 5: Make Tension Adjustments

If your door is closing too quickly, wind the cone up to increase the tension. If the door isn't shutting completely, you may need to reduce the tension by winding the cone down.

Pro Tip: If you're not sure how much to increase or decrease the tension, go through the steps and test your door until you find the right balance.

Step 6: Stretch The Spring

Keep the bar in the bottom hole in place while removing the other to expand the spring. Make a mark at a distance of 14" from the end of the winding cone with a marker (away from the center).

Apply upward force to the bar from below after that. Continue tapping on the bar with the second bar until the spring has been extended to reach the mark you made at 14" from the winding cone's end.

Step 7: Secure the Set Screws

Tighten the set screws that you loosened in the fourth step with the adjustable wrench. This secures the spring in its new location.

If your torsion spring mechanism has springs on both sides of the middle plate, repeat steps 4–6 on the other side.

Conclusion

If you have extension springs, you may have figured that adjusting garage door springs is easy. Torsion springs are more sensitive to deal with and can be dangerous, especially if the opener has been unplugged. To be safe, make sure you're wearing all of the personal protection equipment that we recommend.

We perform repairs on almost every type of garage door and seeing hundreds of doors, we can promise nothing but the best service.
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